[32 Key Facts] What Is the 21 Foot Rule and What Is a Reaction Gap? (Knife Knowledge)

What is the 21 foot rule and what is a reaction gap?

The 21 Foot Rule is entirely concerned with the “reactionary gap.” This is the distance between the individual the CCWpacking John Q. Public or police officer and a potentially dangerous threat, wherein the individual may respond to sudden action.

Who invented the 21 foot rule?

Lt. John Tueller The 21foot rule was developed by Lt. John Tueller, a firearms instructor with the Salt Lake City Police Department. Back in 1983, Tueller set up a drill where he placed a “suspect” armed with an edged weapon 20 or so feet away from an officer with a holstered sidearm.

Which of the following best describes the 21 foot rule?

According to his research, a person charging toward you with a knife or other sharpedged instrument can travel 21 feet in the time it would take you to recognize that there is a threat, draw your firearm, and fire two shots.

What is the 20 feet rule?

At 20 ft (6.1 m), the gunwielder was able to shoot the charging knife attacker just as he reached the shooter. At shorter distances the knife wielder was always able to stab prior to being shot.

What is the reactionary gap?

The ‘reactionary gap’ is the distance between the extremities of your reach and the extremities of your opponent’s reach… their reach includes any weapons they may have! We have looked at the way we communicate with others and how this can influence their behaviour and help to deescalate a conflict situation.

What is a 21 foot rule?

The “21Foot Rule” was a measure of distance that related to the time it would take an officer to recognize a threat, draw a sidearm, and fire two rounds center mass against an attacker charging with a knife or other stabbing weapon.

Is the 21foot rule a law?

Yes. The 21foot “rule” is back in the news. And if we’ve been doing our job as police trainers, most of you will be thinking, “It’s not a rule! It’s simply the principle that an average person can sprint 21 feet in roughly 1.5 seconds.

What is the 30 foot rule?

The new rule states that you must wear a face covering if you come within 30feet of another person, even outdoors. The rule is meant to provide you with time to put on your mask should another person approach you rapidly (such as a jogger or bicyclist).

Are knives better than guns?

Gun: The Lethal Force Question. If you respond to an attacker using a gun, it gives you only one option: using maximum, sometimes, lethal, force. While a knife is also lethal, it’s a more elegant weapon that can be used in a variety of ways to defeat an attacker.

How fast can someone close 21 feet?

It’s simply the principle that an average person can sprint 21 feet in roughly 1.5 seconds.


What is the threat distance for a police officer?

21 feet If a person has a deadly weapon and is within 21 feet or closer, officers should implement their primary response tactics to a contact weapon threat. In threat assessment, we continually evaluate three factors: threat, intent and delivery system.

What is the distance of the reactionary gap?

six to nine feet The reactionary gap is the distance you must keep between you and the suspect in order for you to respond to any sudden threat. That distance tends to be six to nine feet if you can see the suspect’s hands, and 25 feet if you can’t. The danger zone is anywhere inside the reactionary gap.

What is the range of a Taser?

about 10 feet When a Taser is fired from a distance, prongs or darts connected by wires are discharged at a person. In those cases, Tasers have a reliable range of about 10 feet, Professor Kenney said, but beyond that, their effectiveness in hitting a target becomes spotty.

What is the castle law in California?

— California’s socalled “castle doctrine” is the law that is applied to selfdefense inside a person’s home allowing residents to protect themselves and others with the use of deadly force inside their homes or businesses.

What is the reactionary gap in conflict resolution?

The reactionary gap is an imaginary area that allows a person to respond to a potential threat. As a benchmark, two arms length may be sufficient distance. However, this may vary from one individual to the next.

What does reactionary mean in politics?

In political science, a reactionary or a reactionist is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which that person believes possessed positive characteristics absent from contemporary society.

What is the 10 ft rule?

The rule refers to the distance extending ten feet in every direction from any power line. It’s the distance you should observe when your working outdoors with equipment or machinery, such as a crane, forklift, backhoe, dumptruck, TV antenna, drilling rig or block loader.

What is the 8 foot rule?

It’s called the 8foot rule. A leader at a manufacturing facility recently gave the direction to his leadership team to engage with their employees every time they come within eight feet of one of their employees. It’s a simple rule that is simply brilliant!

What is more lethal a gun or a knife?

According to the latest data, roughly 1,500 deaths are caused each year by knives, while only 297 were caused by rifles of any type in 2018.

Why you should bring a knife to a gunfight?

It teaches people the risks of facing a knife attacker when you have a gun, and how easily a knife attacker can win when he “brings a knife to a gunfight”. When it comes to close combat situations, the knifewielder has a pretty good chance at winning the confrontation.


Where did the 21 foot rule come from?

Lieutenant John Tueller laid the framework for the 21foot rule in the 1980 s when conducting firearms training with the Salt Lake City Police Department. Lieutenant Tueller had one officer play the role of a suspect with an edged weapon while another officer stood about 21 feet away with a holstered training weapon.

Is knife good for selfdefense?

In a selfdefense situation, applying a knife – or a pain compliance tool – can quickly render an attacker defenseless, much faster than trying to punch or kick them.

Are knives considered selfdefense?

“Knives are considered deadly force weapons by the courts; therefore, they should only be used in situations where the individual reasonably believes he or she is in danger of great bodily harm or death, or to protect another from the same,” says McBroom.

Is a knife considered armed?

Knives are clearly among the “arms” which are protected by the Second Amendment. Under the Supreme Court’s standard in District of Columbia v. Heller, knives are Second Amendment “arms” because they are “typically possessed by lawabiding citizens for lawful purposes,” including selfdefense.

How fast can someone with a knife close distance?

Definition of the 21foot rule Tueller found that “the average healthy adult male,” running with a knife or other contact weapon in hand, can cover a distance of seven yards in about 1.5 seconds – the time it takes the “average” officer to draw a sidearm and place two hits centermass on a mansize target 21 feet away.

What is the minimum reactionary gap?

“Reactionary gaps” are defined as “the minimum amount of space needed to ensure that you can properly react to whatever threat may be presented by a suspect being questioned or detained.” Next, remember “police proxemics” defined as “the distance between an officer and the threat posed by certain weapons.”

Does a TASER work through clothes?

When you press the stun gun against an attacker and hold the trigger, the charge passes into the attacker’s body. Since it has a fairly high voltage, the charge will pass through heavy clothing and skin.

Can you go to jail for Tasing someone?

It’s a crime in California to assault someone with a stun gun or Taser. The violation can be a misdemeanor or a felony (what’s known as a wobbler), with a maximum sentence of up to one year in county jail or up to three years in prison.

How effective are Tasers for self defense?

Tasers had an “instant incapacitation rate” of 86%, which grew to a “field success rate” of 94% and then 97%. The company claimed that in demonstrations and testing, Taser effectiveness reached 99% and even 100%.

Can you shoot someone for trespassing California?

Can You Shoot a Home Intruder in California? California is not a “stand your ground” state. In California, if someone breaks into your home, for example, you are permitted to use deadly force to protect yourself, others, and your personal/real property.


Can you defend yourself in California?

California is both a “Stand Your Ground” and “Castle Doctrine” state. “Stand Your Ground” means that if someone is threatening you or someone else, you or under no duty to retreat if you wish to claim self defense. You are allowed to remain present and defend yourself, no matter what.

What is the stand your ground law in California?

Stand your ground is an expansive interpretation of California’s longstanding right to selfdefense in homicide and violent crime cases. Normally it is against the law for you to use force against someone. Selfdefense and defense of others, however, are affirmative defenses that can get your charges dropped.

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